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Adverbs

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In English there are adverbs which are derived from adjectives and others which are not.

Examples:

NOT DERIVED image grammar
often
seldom
always

DERIVED
nice » nicely
quick » quickly
usual » usually
slow » slowly

Notes and use (basic rules)

– if an adjective ends in a consonant –y, the –y will change to –i in an adverb
noisy – noisily

– if an adjective ends in –le, the –le will be left out
simplesimply
gentlegently

– some adverbs have the same form as adjectives
late
early
fast
far

– adverbs usually follow an object in a sentence but short time adverbs are placed between a subject and a verb, respectively, if there is an auxiliary verb such adverb is placed after it.

I usually work until 7 p.m. on Tuesdays.
She always goes shopping on her way home.
He is always late.

– some adverbs have two forms (with -ly and without -ly) and their meaning is different
near = close
nearly = almost

late = not in time
lately = recently

hard = with great effort
hardly = barely

ADVERBS GRADATION

-similarly like adjectives adverbs with one and two syllables use –er and est
near »   nearer »   nearest
soon »   sooner »   soonest

– adverbs ending in –ly use more and most
slowly »    more slowly »    most slowly
beautifully »    more beautifully »    most beautifully

Exception
early      earlier      earliest

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