ESL Resources for Students & Teachers - Simple English News

Grammar: Adjectives


Adjectives do not take any endings in English.image grammar

I am young.                              We are young.

She is young.                            They are young.

A noun can become an adjective just by placing it before another noun.

a bank clerk

a bus station

GRADATION – regular

one and two syllable adjectives (shorter words) usually use–er and est endings

tall boys

taller boys

the tallest boys

multi-syllable adjectives (longer words) use  more and -most

important questions

more important  questions

the most important  questions

GRADATION –  irregular

– some adjectives are gradated irregularly

good    »          better   »          best

bad      »          worse   »          worst


3. grade or superlative must have “the”

the smallest,  the most beautiful

if an adjective ends by e we just leave it out

nice                  nicer                 nicest

end consonant is doubled if it is preceded by short simple vowel

big                    bigger               biggest

end  –y changes to  –  i if preceded by a consonant

easy                 easier               easiest


shy                   shyer                shyest

some two syllables adjectives use both –er, -est and –more, – most

e.g.,  clever, common, happy…

happy               happier/more happy                  happiest/most happy

– adjectives ending with  full or  less use  – more, – most

e.g., careful, careless, useful, useless…

– adjectives ending with  –ed, – ing use  – more/less, – most/least


2. form + than

He is older than me.

We are faster than them.

as … as , not as … as

They are as good as us.

We are not as clever as them.


  1. Our Teacher Give Us A Question, But At Last We Haven’t Drawn A Conclusion.. Here’s That Quiz:

    There Were 4 Apples On The Desk,But Now Only One And A Half ____(A.Is B.Are) Left.

    Some Grammar Books Told Me That A Is The Correct One But Others Said B Is The Right Answer.God… Can Anyone Told Me The Answer? And What BE-verb should I use when i meet “1.5” again?