Language Tip: Simple Present Tense
It is created by using the following:
Positive sentence – subject + verb ( “s” is added to a verb in the third person).
We go to school.
Peter works in an office.
Negative sentence – do not is placed between a subject and a verb ( in the third person does not is added instead of do not and “s” is not added to a verb).
We do not (don’t) want it.
He does not (doesn’t) live in Spain.
Question – do (does instead of do in the third person and “s” is not added to a verb) is placed before a subject.
Do you work till six p.m.?
Does she play the piano?
Present tense of the verb “have” (“has” in the third person) in its meaning to possess:
– negative sentence and question can be created by the following way but this becomes rare,
I have a dog.
Have they a dog?
She has not a dog.
– in today’s English a question and a negative of the verb have are usually created with auxiliary verbs: “do, does (do not, does not)” or via the form “have got (has got)”.
Do you have a sister?
He does not have a car.
I have got ( I’ve got) a new book.
They have not got (haven’t got) keys.
She has got (she’s got) new shoes.
Have you got spare parts?
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