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Language Tip: Simple Present Tense

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The simple present tense describes an action which is repeated whether on regular or irregular basis.image grammar

It is created by using the following:

Positive sentence –  subject + verb ( “s” is added to a verb in the third person).

We go to school.
Peter works in an office.

Negative sentencedo not is placed between a subject and a verb ( in the third person does not is added instead of do not and   “s” is not added to a verb).

We do not (don’t) want it.
He does not (doesn’t) live in Spain.

Questiondo (does instead of do in the  third person and   “s” is not added to a verb) is placed before a subject.

Do you work till six p.m.?
Does she play the piano?

Present tense of the verb “have” (“has” in the third person) in its meaning to possess:

– negative sentence and question can be created by the following way but this becomes rare,

have a dog.
Have they a dog?
She has not a dog.

in today’s English a question and a negative of the verb have are usually created with auxiliary verbs: “do, does  (do not, does not)”  or via the form “have got (has got)”.

Do you have a sister?
He does not have a car.
have got ( I’ve got) a new book.
They have not got (haven’t got) keys.
She has got (she’s got) new shoes.
Have you got spare parts?

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