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NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH VOCABULARY
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
ability: natural talent, being able to do something.
abroad: in a foreign country.
to accompany: to join.
accountancy: keeping and inspecting financial records of businesses, institutions or individuals.
accurate: exact, truthful.
to acquire: to get by one’s effort, American Heritage Dictionary.
to achieve: to reach a goal, result.
addictive: relating to a habit that is hard to stop. He is addicted to drugs.
adolescence: (usually) a person’s teenage years.
to age: to get older.
airborne: in flight, flying.
alliance: an agreement to work together.
to amaze: to make a great impression.
The Americas (also America): North and South America.
ancestor: someone who is your relative and who lived a long time ago.
antagonist: a person who opposes other person, opponent.
to apologize: to say that one is sorry.
appliance: a household item (often electric) used for a purpose, ie, a toaster, hair-dryer.
appriase: to give your opinion about the value of something.
archery: shooting arrows.
archipelago: a large group of islands.
as early early: very early.
audax: a long-distance cycling event which participants must navigate within a predefined time limit.
autumn (BrE): the season of the year after summer and before winter.
bachelor: a man who is not married.
baldness: lack of hair growth, hair loss.
ballpark: a baseball stadium, a place where ball games are played.
to ban: to prohibit, to forbid.
bastion: a fortified place.
to be crazy about: to like something very much.
to be credited with: to be responsible for (inventing, making, producing).
to be fed up: to have had enough, to be tired of.
beloved: well liked, popular.
benefits: positive uses.
bicentenary: the 200th anniversary.
The Big Apple: a term for New York City.
blender (also liquidizer): a small electric appliance used in the kitchen for cutting vegetables, fruit, etc.
blight: a disease of plants.
blistering: (of sunlight) very strong, intense.
blizzard – a powerful snowstorm.
blockhead: a stupid person.
bloodstream: the blood flowing through a circulatory system, Random House Unabridged Dictionary.
to bother: to disturb, to cause trouble.
bout: a (boxing) contest.
brainchild: an original idea.
to brew: to make beer.
brewery: a company which makes beer.
buff: a person who is interested in a particualr thing, a fan.
buffer: a device at the end of a railway car to absorb shock.
bug: (informal) a virus.
bully: a person who is cruel to smaller or weaker people.
to burn up: to be completely destroyed by heat (e.g. objects entering the earth’s atmosphere).
to busk:to perform outdoors.
bustling: full of activity.
candlelight: the light of a candle.
catch: a problematic downside.
catfish: someone using a false identity on social network media in order to cheat.
cemetery: a place in which dead people are buried.
chalk: a white or coloured substance used for writing or drawing.
chateau: a large country house or castle.
to cheer up: don‘t be sad.
childbirth: giving birth to a child.
to chillax: to calm down and relax.
to chime: to make a musical sound, ie, from a bell or a clock.
the Chinese: Chinese people.
chocoholic: a person who is very fond of eating chocolate.
chocolatier: maker or seller of chocolate.
chore: work done around the house, ie, washing dishes.
Christmas: an annual Christian festival commemorating and celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ held on Decmeber 25.
cigarette butt: the filter end of a cigarette that you throw away after you have finished smoking.
to claim: to state that something is true.
cliff: a steep high face of a rock (according to WordNet).
climber: a person or thing that goes up towards the top of.
clockwork: machinery that is used especially in mechanical clocks.
clothing line: it is a collection of clothes in the fashion industry put together to show designer’s inspiration, often featuring new trends during a particular season.
to come true: to fulfil, to happen.
commotion: a noisy disturbance.
complaint: a statement that you are not satisfied with something.
to commence: to start.
concentration camp: a place where prisoners of war are kept under harsh, terrible conditions.
to conduct: to lead, direct, manage.
to consider: to think about.
to construct:to build.
to contradict: to show the opposite of something.
to converse: to speak, hold a conversation.
conglomeration: (in business) a group of several companies.
to convince: to persuade, to win someone to your side of an argument.
copyleft: opposite of copyright.
cosmonaut: a Soviet or Russian astronaut.
cottage: a small house by a lake or mountain that is often used as a vacation home.
crane: a device for lifting and moving heavy weights.
craze: a temporary fashion, mania.
crisis: a difficult time, a dangerous time.
crude oil: petroleum as it comes from the ground.
cruelty: behaviour that causes harm.
cub: the young of a bear.
cub reporter: a young or inexperienced reporter employed by a newspaper.
cuisine: the making and style of food, ie, Italian cuisine, Japanese cuisine.
to cut off: to stop the supply of something.
daily: a daily newspaper.
to dash: to move, run quickly.
debris: the remains of something which was destroyed or broken down.
to debut: to appear for the first time.
to deduce: to form a conclusion or opinion about something.
demand: the need to buy something — which one has the ability to buy.
deodorizer: a product that removes a bad smell from something.
dependence: needing something, relying on something.
to depict: to show in a picture.
descent: the origin of a person.
desirable: something that someone would want, something that is worth having.
destiantion: a place to which a person is travelling.
devastating: causing damage.
devotee: a big fan, supporter, enthusiast.
diplomat: a person, such as an ambassador, who represents a government.
dire: horrible, terrible.
dismal: depressing, cheerless.
dispute: disagreement, argument.
dog days of summer: the hot days of summer.
dough: flour and liquid mixed together.
to download: to transfer a file from one computer to another.
to dub: to give name to.
to duck: to bend down suddenly (to avoid a punch or a thrown object).
dulcet: (especially of sounds) sweet and pleasant to the ear.
dung: excrement, especiall of animals.
to dye: to color (colour BrE) something.
eager: strong interest or enthusiasm.
earworm: a tune or part of a song that keeps repeating in your mind.
elevation: the height above sea or ground level.
to elope: to run away secretly to get married.
to embrace: to put one’s arms around another person.
to enable: to make possible.
to endorse: to give support.
entrepreneur: a person who starts a business.
epitome: a typical example of a particular type.
erroneously: wrongly, mistakenly.
to establish: to set up.
evocative: that produces especially emotional feelings.
exasperating: frustrating, irritating.
Executive Board: a group of people that are directly involved in making the most importantdecision for an organistation.
exhausted: very tired.
exponentially: used to describe something which has grown extremely fast.
extraterrestrial: outside earth.
extrovert: a talkative person.
fall (AmE): the season of the year after summer and before winter.
to fall apart: break up, (of an organization) not to continue.
fancier: a person who has a special liking towards something: ie, John likes dogs, he is a dog fancier.
faux pas: behaviour that is not polite.
favorite: (in sports) the player or team that is most likely to win.
feline: belonging to the cat family.
feud: a strong quarrel or argument which often exists for a long time.
to file: to send in a report.
to fire: to remove someone from a job.
firm (noun): a business, company.
flavour: (flavor AmE) a taste.
to flee (flee – fled -fled): to run away.
fleeting: not lasting, temporary.
flux: a constant change.
footie: (slang) football, soccer.
footing: basis, base.
forces: an army or military.
fortune: a great amount of money or possessions, wealth.
fraction: a small part of a larger whole.
gadget: a device.
gaffe: a mistake.
game: wild animals which are hunted.
gamification: the concept of adding playful elements into a game in order to encourage the engagement of participants.
garlic: a plant, with a very strong taste and smell, which is used in cookery and herbal medicine.
gather: to come together.
to get by: to make enough money to live on, pay bills, buy food, etc.
glare: a very strong, bright light.
to glow: to produce light.
gondola: a Venetian boat.
to go through the roof: to rise (prices) very quickly, to go up very sharply.
to go to the polls: to vote.
to grant: to allow, to let have, to give permission.
greenback: the American dollar.
the green light: approval, permission.
gruelling: physically difficult or tiring.
haberdashery:: small things used in sewing, a shop selling these items.
to hand out: to give out, supply.
harvest: the crops that have been gathered in a season.
to hatch: to come out from an egg.
to have egg on one’s face: to make an embarrassing mistake, to feel like a fool.
to have two left feet: to dance badly.
heat sink: a device for absorbing excessive heat.
heavyweight: a boxer that weighs more than 79.4 kilograms.
to hibernate: to sleep during the winter.
hiker: a person (tourist) who goes for a walk in the countryside.
holidaymaker: vacationer, someone who is on holiday.
homesick: missing one‘s home.
to hurl: to throw.
in a row: without interruption, one after the other.
illegible: not readable.
inconvenient: not good for someone.
inexpensive: cheap, not expensive.
influence: (in art) a person or style that has a powerful effect on the work you do.
innovative: new (used when speaking about a new product or idea.)
interpretation: oral translation.
introvert: a shy person.
junk: old things considered as of no value anymore, waste.
to kick off: to start a game.
to kick the habit: to stop a bad habit, such as smoking or drinking.
kilt: traditional clothing worn by men and boys in Scotland.
knit: to make an item from yarn or thread by using long needles or a special machine.
to lack: to be without something.
laconic: using few words.
to land: (of a plane or bird) to come down from the air.
landline: a traditional telephone, i.e., not a mobile.
landmark: an important or historic building.
latter: the second of two.
least: smallest, lowest.
life expectancy: the amount of time a person is expected to live.
likely: a word used to describe something that will probably happen.
liquidizer: a small electric appliance used in the kitchen for cutting vegetables, fruit, etc.
litter: rubbish, waste material.
to lob: to throw slowly.
to look over someone‘s shoulder: to monitor someone‘s activity constantly.
loosely translated: not exact translation.
looting: stealing or taking something. Looting is iften used in newspaper reports after an earthquake or riot.
to lose your temper: to be angry.
lovebirds: a couple which is very much in love.
to lure : to attract.
malnutrition: not eating enough food.
to make ends meet: to get by with money one makes.
manufacturer: a person or company that makes a product.
manure: excrement, especially of animals.
marine: related to the sea.
memorable: easily remembered.
to metamorphose: to transform.
midfielder: a player who occupies the middle of the field.
mint: a place where coins are made.
monk: a member of a male religious community who does not own anything and is not married.
monstrous: like a monster, very big.
mortgage: a special loan for buying property such as a house, etc.
moustache: (AmE mustache) the hair on the upper lip.
multitude: a large amount, number.
necessity: a need for something.
neglected: receiving little or no attention.
nebulizer: a device used to provide medication to the lungs (Wikipedia).
nerd: a person who is good in technology but not very good in communicating with other people.
nerve-racking: inclined to make one nervous.
never mind: not to mention.
nightlife: activities at night, such as bars, discos, theaters.
nobility: the group of people belonging to the highest social class in a country, the aristocracy.
to nominate: to choose, select for a position.
nostalgic: wanting or desiring things that are of the past.
notwithstanding: in spite of.
nut: (slang) a crazy person.
obese: very fat.
obesity: the state of being very fat.
odd: unusual, strange.
off-road: not on the road.
Old Man Winter: a term used to describe winter, the cold.
oracle: a person who says wise things about the future.
orbit (adj. orbital): the curved path, usually elliptical, made by planets, sattelites, spacecrafts around larger objects such as Earth, the sun, etc…
organic: without chemicals.
to oust: to send away.
overhaul: to examine and repair something.
pardon: the act of forgiving someone.
parity: equality, the same level.
parlour (AmE parlor): a shop for selling a particular food or service.
to pass away: to die.
passerby also passer-by (pl. passersby, passers-by): a person who is going past a particular place.
patent: the right given by a government to an inventor to sell an invention.
to patent: to give an inventor of a product the right to sell it as his or her own.
patch:: a piece of cloth to mend a torn point.
pickle: (of vegetables or sometimes meat) to preserve especially in vinegar or salt water.
pickup truck: a small truck which is open at the back and used for deliveries.
pitcher: the player in baseball who throws the ball to the batter.
phablet: a phone and tablet hybrid.
plant: a living organism that grows in the earth.
to plant: to put a living organism in the ground so that it can grow.
playfull: full of fun.
playwright: someone who writes plays.
Pole: a person from Poland.
polyglot: a person who can speak several langauges.
to ponder: to think deeply about something.
pong: an unpleasant smell.
to pop in: to visit.
portable: something that can be carried, like an iPod or a mobile phone.
to portray: to show or represent (in a film or in the theater).
to possess: to have.
potable: suitable for drinking.
to pour: to flow (e.g. water) in a stream.
prankster: a person who plays tricks on other people.
preserve: (of food, fruit, vegetables) to conserve.
prestigious: honored, esteemed, with a big reputation.
prevention: the way we avoid getting a disease.
previous: exsisting or hppening before.
production: a work of art or literature.
pupil: a schoolchild.
to put one‘s mind to something: to be determined to complete something.
Qatari (also Katari): an inhabitant of Qatar.
to quit: to stop doing.
realm: an artistic domain.
recession: a time when the economy goes down.
reconciliation: bringing back of friendly relations.
to reconsider: to consider again, to think about again.
to recount: to count again.
relay team: (in sport) team of sportsmen or sportswomen, in which each contestant participates only in a specified portion of the total distance in a race.
relief: help (things such as food, money, medicine) for people who are victims of a catastrophe, war, flood, etc.
relive: to live or experience again.
to relocate: to move.
remarkable: uncommon, extraordinary.
retiree: someone who has stopped working.
to reverse: to cause something to return to an earlier state or condition.
ridiculous: absurd, funny.
rife: numerous, full of something which is usually unpleasant.
robber: a person who steals. A burglar, thief.
roster: a list of players who can play for the team.
to rule: to decide (for a judge).
rumor: a report that may or may not be true. rumour(UK)
running mate: a candidate for vice president (usually used in the United States).
scarecrow: an object (usually a person in old clothes) to scare birds away from a field or garden.
scenery: the scenes or views of a place.
scrap paper: paper that has alreday been used.
scrawl: illegible handwriting.
to scrounge: to get something which is needed. He scrounged money for lunch.
scruffy: of low quality because of long use or bad handling.
to scrunch: to crush, to squeeze together.
sedentary: inactive, sitting down a lot.
to seek: to try to obtain, to try to get.
seismologist: a person (expert) who studies earthquakes.
to select:to choose.
selfie: a photograph that a person has taken of oneself.
short-lived: not lasting long.
shrewd: smart, intelligent.
significant: important, meaningful.
the silver screen: movies or the movie business.
sinkhole: a hole in the ground.
sizeable: large, significant.
skin and bones: extremely thin.
skyscraper: a very tall building.
to sledge: to ride on a sledge.
slice: a thin, flat of food, such as bread, meat or cake, cut from a larger portion.
snag: to grab, to catch.
soil: the top layer of the earth in which plants grow.
species: (in biology) living organisms which have the same characteristics or qualities.
spectator: someone who watches an event.
splendour: great beauty.
spot: a place.
spouse: a wife or husband.
sprint: a race at full speed.
to sprout up: (used with plants) to develop quickly.
to squeak: to make a short and sharp sound.
starving: very hungry.
to steam: (of a train or ship) to travel by using steam.
stop-motion: a filming technique whereby the camera is repeatedly stopped and started.
stroll: a short walk.
struggle: fight, battle.
successor: a person who does a job after someone else has left it.
to suffer: to feel something unpleasant.
to survive: to stay alive, to remain alive.
to suspend: to stop for a period of time.
sustainable:involving methods and systems which use natural resources in a manner that they are not destroyed but can be replenished naturally.
swatch: a sample (as of fabric).
to swear: to use bad language.
sweetheart: loved one.
to swing votes: to change someone’s mind, to cause someone to vote for someone else.
swordsmanship: using swords.
to symbolize: to represent (with symbols).
to take for granted: to expect something to be available.
to take in: to visit.
to take off: (of a plane or bird) the moment of leaving the ground and beginning to fly.
to tee off: to hit a golf ball.
teller: a person who gives or receives money at a bank.
tenement: a larger building with flats for rent.
terra nullius: no man’s land.
that is: in other words.
to thaw up: to warm up.
theatrical: relating to the theater.
to think twice: to think again, reconsider.
thrilled: very happy.
to tie the knot: to get married.
to tithe: to demand the tenth part usually of agricultural produce for the support of the kingdom or the like.
toll: (resulting from some action) loss
to toss: to throw lightly.
trademark: the officially registered name of a product which belongs to a particular company.
to trash: to throw away.
tremendous: very great, very excellent.
trend: a new style.
tweep: a follower on the social media website Twitter.
twig: a small branch.
tycoon: a very rich businessman.
uncover: to reveal, to bring to light, to discover.
to undergo: to experience.
underway: happening at the present time, in progress.
unenviable: not wanted, not desired.
uninhabitable: not fit for life.
to unseat: to oust, to vote out of government.
to unveil: to reveal, to show to the public.
upcycling: creative re-working of used waste or unwanted items into new materials or useful products.
to update: to bring new information.
uprising: an act of resistance, a rebellion.
urban: about cities.
to urge: to push, press, insist strongly.
vast: big, great, large.
vengeance: the act of doing something bad to someone because he or she did something wrong to you or someone else.
vertical axis: a line forming an angle of 90 degrees with the level ground.
victorious: winning, being the winner.
to wager: to bet money.
wallet: a pocketbook for holding money and plastic cards.
wardrobe: the collection of clothes that a person has.
to wear: have on one’s body.
wheel: a circular frame used in vehicles or machinery.
widespread: common, used widely.
wig: an artificial covering of hair worn on the head.
winery: a place, usually a business, where wine is made.
witness: a person who is present and sees an event happening.
workshop: a room in which things are made or repaired.
worth: having a value of.
yooper: a person that lives in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
zingy: pleasantly sharp taste, piquant.